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Breast Lift Surgery: Mastopexy | American Society of …

What is breast lift surgery?

A breast lift, also known as mastopexy, raises the breasts by removing excess skin and tightening the surrounding tissue to reshape and support the new breast contour.

New statistics from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons show breast lifts have grown 70% since 2000, outpacing breast implants 2-to-1.

Sometimes the areola becomes enlarged over time, and a breast lift will reduce this as well.

A breast lift can rejuvenate your figure with a breast profile that is more youthful and uplifted.

A womans breasts often change over time, losing their youthful shape and firmness. These changes and loss of skin elasticity can result from:

Breast lift surgery does not significantly change the size of your breasts or round out the upper part of your breast.

If you want your breasts to look fuller, consider breast lift and breast augmentation surgery.

If you want smaller breasts, consider combining breast lift and breast reduction surgery.

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Breast Lift Surgery: Mastopexy | American Society of …

Breast Lift Procedures (Mastopexy) for Drooping Breasts

If you’re considering a surgical breast lift, one way to see if it might help you is to put a pencil under your breast and see if it stays there. If it does, a breast lift might be an option.

The most common breast lift operation, called mastopexy, repositions the nipple higher on the chest wall. Women usually get this procedure on an outpatient basis, meaning there’s no overnight stay. It takes about three hours and is usually done under general anesthesia.

Some women also get breast implants at the same time as their breast lift.

Your surgeon should describe your options and explain the procedure in detail.

You can get a breast lift at any age after your breasts have finished developing. You can also get one before or after you are pregnant. You will still be able to breast feed after a breast lift.

Most breast lifts are considered cosmetic surgeries. Health insurance companies usually don’t cover them unless they are done as part of a mastectomy reconstruction.

Check with your health insurance company in advance so you’re clear on what costs you’ll need to pay.

The first step is to consult with a plastic surgeon. When you do, tell the surgeon what your goals are. If you’re also getting breast implants, bring photos showing the size and shape of the breasts you’d like.

The surgeon will consider your health and describe your options. The surgeon should also explain the procedure in detail and go over the risks and what the recovery will be like.

Complications after breast lifts are relatively rare. The main three are bleeding, infection, and scarring. Your surgeon will give you instructions for preparing that will help lower your risk of complications. Those instructions will include such things as not smoking, making sure you are off medications that may make bleeding more likely, and taking antibiotics if necessary.

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Breast Lift Procedures (Mastopexy) for Drooping Breasts

Breast Lift Surgery (Mastopexy) – Pictures, Cost & Surgeon …

Reviewed by Walter Erhardt, MD

Breast lift (mastopexy) is a common breast enhancement procedure that helps raise and reshape sagging breasts. Breast lift can be performed with or without breast augmentation with breast implants, depending on your anatomy and aesthetic goals.

At the initial visit, you can expect your board-certified surgeon to take measurements of your breasts while you are upright (seated or standing). You’ll talk about your goals for surgery, including your preferred breast size, shape and nipple position. The surgeon may also discuss whether your breast lift surgery can be combined with breast implants surgery or breast reduction, as well as provide you with information about breast lift cost and recovery.

The breast lift surgical procedure may be performed under local anesthesia (awake) or general anesthesia (asleep), in a hospital or in an office surgical suite. Your time in surgery is typically two to three-and-a-half hours.

The degree of lift needed generally will determine the number and length of incisions. The more lift you need, the more likely you will need more extensive incisions. One surgical technique for breast lift involves three incisions that form an anchor shape (“anchor incision”). During this technique, the first incision is made around the areola, extending above it and creating a new position for the nipple. The second incision runs vertically from the nipple down to the bottom of the breast. The third incision runs along the underside of the breast, just above the fold beneath the breast.

For some patients, other incision techniques may be appropriate. The “lollipop lift” involves one incision around the perimeter of the areola and another that runs vertically from the areola to the breast crease. During a “donut lift,” your surgeon crafts an incision around the perimeter of the areola. This technique is also called a periareolar lift or a “Benelli” lift. A “crescent lift” involves an incision just along the upper half of the areola and is usually done with breast augmentation. A “scarless” breast lift involves tiny incisions and the use of a long, flexible tube with a lighted camera (endoscope). Your choice of breast lift technique should take into account your degree of breast sagging and should be made after a through consultation with your surgeon.

Regardless of the incision technique, the incisions create flaps where excess skin is removed. Excess skin may also be removed as the nipple and areola are moved to a higher location on the breast. The nipple is normally positioned so that it will be even (vertically) with the lower crease between the breast and chest. When the nipple is raised to its new location, the skin that was previously above the nipple is brought down around the nipple and sutured together under it. The nipple and areola remain connected to the underlying breast tissue and the associated nerve and blood supply, reducing the chances of sensation loss.

If you are getting breast implants during the surgery, they can be placed:

Because skin is removed and tissue is moved around, the breasts will be bruised, sore and swollen after your breast lift. You can expect to wear bandages or a surgical bra for several days. There may be some pain, but it can be treated with a prescription from your plastic surgeon. After the bandages and surgical bra have been removed, your doctor may suggest that you wear an athletic or support bra until the swelling subsides. Stitches are normally removed in stages within a week or two after the procedure.

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Breast Lift Surgery (Mastopexy) – Pictures, Cost & Surgeon …

Breast Lift – Mastopexy, Lifting Surgery – DocShop

As women get older, they lose elasticity in their skin, and their breasts begin sagging and becoming less shapely. Breast lift surgery (mastopexy), is a plastic surgery procedure that can restore youthful shape and firmness to the breasts. DocShop can provide the fundamental information on mastopexy and help you find a skilled cosmetic surgeon in your area specializing in this procedure.

A breast lift procedure consists of an incision being made in the breast, followed by the removal of excess skin. The remaining skin and nipple are repositioned to give the breasts a firm, perky look that can restore a youthful appearance to a womans overall figure. The size and locations of the incisions that are made depends on the breast lift surgery technique used. Learn more about preparing for breast lift surgery, how the breast lift procedure is performed, and what to expect after breast lift surgery.

Once you have chosen a surgeon to perform your breast lift procedure, you will attend a pre-operative consultation to discuss your surgery. During this consultation you will discuss which surgical techniques will most effectively achieve your goals, and your surgeon will be able to answer any questions you may have about the breast lift procedure. For the best results, it’s important to discuss your expectations and goals openly and honestly with your doctor before breast lift surgery.

Your surgeon will give you pre-operative guidelines to follow before breast lift procedure. Typically, your doctor may advise you to:

To ensure your breasts are in good health prior to surgery, your doctor may also require that you have a mammogram before your breast lift procedure.

Although breast lift surgery is often performed as an outpatient procedure, it is important to have transportation arranged in advance. Because you will be sedated throughout surgery, you will be unable to drive. A friend or relative should be on hand to ensure you arrive safely home. If possible, ask someone to stay with you for the first 24 to 48 hours following your surgery.

Following a breast lift surgery procedure, you should expect some discomfort, including swelling, bruising, and possible itching. The pain should diminish quickly, just a few days after surgery.

Major complications are extremely rare after breast lift surgery; however, some pain can be expected in the days following a breast lift procedure. Mastopexy patients will need to arrange for someone to drive them home after surgery, as the sedation will be wearing off, and patients will not be allowed to drive themselves. They may have difficulty bending for a few days and should avoid lifting heavy objects for three to four weeks. Following breast lift surgery, patients should expect to take at least a week off work and should be prepared to wear a support bra over gauze bandages during their breast lift recovery period.

General discomfort after a breast lift procedure is typically minor. Consider having someone help at home for a few days, as the ability to lift and bend will be limited. Following the breast lift procedure, pain can usually be treated with over-the-counter painkillers or medication prescribed by a doctor. Patients experiencing extreme pain should contact their doctor immediately, as this may be a sign of breast lift complications.

After your breast lift surgery, your breasts may be swollen and tender with bruises around the incision sites. The pain should clear up within a couple days, and the swelling should go down within one to two weeks. Bruising around incisions will disappear in seven to ten days.

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Breast Lift – Mastopexy, Lifting Surgery – DocShop

Breast Reduction Surgery (Reduction Mammoplasty) Risks …


If you’ve got disproportionately large breasts that are causing neck pain, back pain or other physical symptoms, you may want to consider a breast reduction.

According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, there are more than 90,000 breast redction procedures a year. The procedure carries tremendous psychological effects and most women who undergo breast reduction are very satisfied with the results.

It is also important to note that this surgery isn’t just for women, either. Men who have conditions such as gynecomastia (where male breasts are enlarged abnormally) also may seek a breast reduction. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, there are more than 20,000 breast reduction procedures in men.

Before getting breast reduction surgery, you will go in for a pre-operative consultation, during which time your surgeon will take a detailed medical history, including whether or not you’ve ever had a lump removed from your breast or any other medical conditions affecting your breasts. He or she also will take a detailed family history. You should be in good physical and mental shape in order to undergo this surgery.

It’s important that you are completely honest during this consultation. That includes being completely open with your medical history. It also means being very open as to why you’re seeking a breast reduction . You should expect to discuss the emotional issues you’ve dealt with; that is, how have you felt dealing with your breast size? How has it made you feel, physically? What types of physical conditions have you experienced?

Your surgeon may take photos of your breasts and measure them. During this time, the surgeon also will discuss how much breast tissue should be removed to achieve the desired results. You also will learn about how to prepare for the surgery and how to plan for your recovery. Your surgeon may prepare you for this procedure by performing a mammography and breast exam.

2005-2014 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved. Source article on WebMD

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Breast Reduction Surgery (Reduction Mammoplasty) Risks …

Breast Reduction – WebMD

Surgery Overview

Breast reduction surgery (reduction mammoplasty)Breast reduction surgery (reduction mammoplasty) removes some of the tissue and skin from the breasts to reshape and reduce the size of the breasts. It can also make the area of dark skin surrounding the nipple (areola) smaller.

To remove tissue and skin from the breast, the surgeon first makes one or more cuts in the breast. After the excess tissue and skin have been removed, the skin is closed with stitches. Sometimes the nipple and areola have to be removed and repositioned.

Sometimes liposuction is used along with surgery. If most of the breast is fatty tissue and if excess skin isn’t a problem, liposuction alone may be enough for breast reduction.

Breast reduction surgery is done in a hospital or surgical center, typically with general anesthesia. The surgery usually takes 3 to 5 hours. An overnight stay is not usually required. For smaller reductions, the surgery may be done with local anesthesia.

Breast lift (mastopexy)Breast lift (mastopexy) is similar to a breast reduction, except that in some cases only skin is removed. A breast lift can raise sagging or drooping breasts, which is a common problem with large, heavy breasts, and can elevate the nipple and areola.

Immediately after surgery, gauze is placed over the incisions, and the breasts are wrapped in an elastic bandage or supported with a special surgical bra. In some cases, there may be a small tube in each breast to help drain blood and fluid for the first couple of days. Stitches may be removed in 1 to 2 weeks.

Most women have some breast pain for the first few days after surgery and then milder discomfort for a week or longer. Medicine can help relieve the pain. Swelling and bruising may last for several weeks. Wearing a surgical bra 24 hours a day can help reduce swelling and support the breasts while they heal.

You will likely resume your normal work and social activities within a couple of weeks, unless those activities involve heavy lifting or strenuous exercise. You may need to avoid more vigorous exercise and activities for 3 to 4 weeks or more. It’s important to wear a bra that supports the breasts well, such as a sports or athletic bra.

You will have visible scars on your breasts after breast reduction surgery. These are almost always in areas that can be covered by a bra or swimsuit. Scars may fade over time, but they will not disappear.

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Breast Reduction – WebMD – Breast Augmentation, Breast Implants …

The FDA is allowing silicone breast implants to be sold again, 14 years after they were removed from the market by the same agency over questions of safety.

You can locate a Plastic Surgeon in your area, browse through the photo gallery, learn about breast implants, get prepared for that first consultation with a Plastic Surgeon. Information on costs and financing is available as well, all just a click away! offers you a complete coverage on all aspects of Breast Augmentation Surgery . Once you decided that plastic surgery is a viable option to enhance your body, is the site where you will find valuable information on every aspect of Breast Surgery Procedures. We are dedicated to providing timely and relevant Plastic Surgery news and data on every aspect of:

One of the most important features that a lot of visitors have found to be of extreme help is our Interactive Model.. This section will allow you to view in advance how different size Breast Augmentation Implants would look like in your body type.

You can also find the right Plastic Surgeon in your area, or research different Plastic Surgeons specialties (whether they perform Breast Enhancement Augmentation, Breast Lifts and/or Breast Reconstruction. Our search tool will allow you to search Plastic Surgeons by before and after photos as well.

You can read about Implants, what they look like, how they feel and all the risks you take once you decide that Breast Enlargement Augmentation Surgery is right for you. Find out more about Silicone Implants Augmentation, whether they are safe, and if you are a right candidate for these types of Implants.

Pain is one of the big determinants in deciding whether to undergo a Breast Enlargements Augmentation, or any type of Breast Surgery procedure, thats why we dedicated a whole section on Pain Control. There are several options to minimize pain when having any type of Cosmetic Surgery. A little pump is the latest innovation in reducing post- operative pain when undergoing Breast Augmentations, or Lift combined with a Breast Implants Augmentation Surgery. Long term results: Subsequent alterations in breast shape may occur as the result of aging, weight loss or gain, pregnancy, or other circumstances not related to augmentation mammaplasty. Breast sagginess may normally occur. After the FDA banned the use of silicone breast implants for all patients, with the exception of certain candidates, (underlined in the section discussing silicone implants), the introduction of saline implants to the market stood out as a viable, safer alternative, according to the FDA. There are however certain risks associated with Breast Augmentation Augmentations Implants that is important for you the patient to be informed of. The most common complications are capsule contracture, hematoma

Breast Implants Augmentation, mammaplasty, is a cosmetic procedure that uses implants to enlarge and shape the breasts. Breasts augmentation will make your breasts bigger, it will not improve nipple asymmetry, nor move the breasts together nor lift droopy breasts. If you have droopy breasts, you might consider a breast lift or mastopexy. Breast Augmentation is a procedure that can help patients that had babies, that want to look fuller, or for patients that after breast reconstruction want to look natural again. The surgery takes anywhere from 35 minutes to 5 hours. The Plastic Surgeon will discuss with you the placement of the implant, and where to locate the incision. These two points are of extreme importance, you as well as your doctor can agree on the pros and cons of the different choices, and which would be the right one for your particular case. Breast Augmentation is the most popular of breast surgery procedures.


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Weird Tax Write-Offs You'd Never Think Of

It’s April 15, time to assess whether your 2013 federal tax bill was too high. You may be surprised to learn that the IRS allows tax breaks for some unusual reasons. With the help of Laura Scherler from MyFreeTaxes, we made this list of offbeat tax write-offs. And remember that you can file an amended return if, per chance, you overlooked one of these this year.

Individuals diagnosed with gender-identity disorder, where individuals experience strong discomfort with ones assigned sex and persistently identify with the opposite gender, can file for tax deductions for a sex-change operation and additional hormone therapy.

Expenses for breast augmentations, however, cannot be considered for tax deductions, according to the IRS, because these are cosmetic surgeries and are not essential to the general improvement of ones health.

In the case of Robert Donovan, a male who wanted approximately $22,000 in tax deductions as a result of out-of-pocket medical expenses, the tax court did in fact award him $14,500 for his hormone treatments and surgery.

Couples who can claim their significant other as a dependent can also use them as a tax break. In order to do so, couples must have lived together for an entire tax year and the significant other must have an annual salary of less than $3,900. Also, the individual claiming the tax break must show they have paid for more than half of their significant others expenses.

A total of $3,900 can be claimed if all the qualifications are met.

Wes Fuco had supported his girlfriend, Danielle Wissbroeker for more than 10 years. Wissbroeker took care of their three children but earned no income. This tax break, paired with Fucos ability to claim his children as dependents, allowed Fuco to receive more than $8,000 each year for the 10 years he was with Wissbroeker.

Babysitting expenses may also be used as tax deductions if a childs mother is performing charitable deeds during the time she is away.

Generally, babysitters are considered as personal expenses. However, a mom challenged this when she deducted payments for child care expenses when she was volunteering for a qualified organization. The tax court ended up supporting her claim by overruling the initial IRS decision against her.

If the home and the workplace are one and the same, tax deductions can be made for paintings and repairs, utilities and lawn care.

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Weird Tax Write-Offs You'd Never Think Of

Plastic Surgery for the Breasts – Options in Mammoplasty

There are three general categories of mammoplasty (cosmetic surgery) performed on the breasts: augmentation , reduction and reconstruction.

Breast Augmentation (Augmentation Mammoplasty)

Breast augmentation is performed to enhance the appearance, size and contour of a woman’s breasts. Women consider breast augmentation for many different reasons. Some women feel their breasts are too small. Some desire augmentation after the breasts change after pregnancy. Others desire to correct an asymmetry in breast size.

Breast augmentation is performed with implants (see below) that can be placed under a chest muscle or over a chest muscle. The incision can be placed in the axilla (armpit), areola or lower breast fold. In general, all breast augmentations are minimally invasive procedures, involving incisions that are only three centimeters in length. For augmentations in which the incision is made in the armpit, an endoscope (thin tube with a small camera and light) may be used during the procedure.

Breast implants are made up of a silicone shell filled with either saline (a salt water solution) or silicone gel. A woman determines her desired size by fitting trial implants. Currently, saline filled implants are used on an unrestricted basis. Silicone gel filled implants are available only to women participating in approved studies and are not available for primary breast augmentation.

Breast augmentation is a relatively straightforward procedure. As with any surgery, some uncertainty and risk are associated with breast augmentation surgery. Know your concerns and expectations. Review the benefits, risks and alternatives. Seek consultation with a board certified plastic surgeon.

Breast Reduction

Breast reduction surgery is often used in women with large, heavy breasts who experience significant discomfort including neck pain, back pain numbness or weakness due to the weight of the breasts. During this procedure, excess skin, fat and breast tissue is removed.

After surgery, breast reduction can cause a change in breast sensation as well as the inability to breastfeed. In the case of large resections, which involve grafting of the nipple, however, almost everyone loses sensation and the ability to breastfeed. If breastfeeding is important to you, you may want to consider postponing a breast reduction procedure until you are done having children.

After breast reduction, most women report relief from the symptoms caused by having oversized breasts. For more on this topic, see the article on breast reduction surgery.

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Plastic Surgery for the Breasts – Options in Mammoplasty

Breast reduction – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Breast reduction Intervention

Breast reduction: the correction of macromastia and severe breast ptosis; pre-operative aspects (left); post-operative aspects, the corrected breasts, the lifted bust.

Reduction mammoplasty (also breast reduction and reduction mammaplasty) is the plastic surgery procedure for reducing the size of large breasts. In a breast reduction surgery for re-establishing a functional bust that is proportionate to the woman’s body, the critical corrective consideration is the tissue viability of the nipple-areola complex (NAC), to ensure the functional sensitivity and lactational capability of the breasts. The indications for breast reduction surgery are three-fold physical, aesthetic, and psychological the restoration of the bust, of the woman’s self-image, and of her mental health.[1]

In corrective practice, the surgical techniques and praxis for reduction mammoplasty also are applied to mastopexy (breast lift).[2][3] Moreover, the correction of gynecomastia (“woman’s breast”) is the analogous, enlarged male breast-reduction surgical procedure, wherein there is no consideration of lactation capability.[4]

The woman afflicted with macromastia presents heavy, enlarged breasts (>500 gm per breast per the Shnur Scale) that sag and cause her chronic pains to the head, neck, shoulders, and back; an oversized bust also causes her secondary health problems, such as poor blood circulation, impaired breathing (inability to fill the lungs with air); chafing of the skin of the chest and the lower breast (inframammary intertrigo); brassire-strap indentations to the shoulders; and the improper fit of clothes.

In the woman afflicted with gigantomastia (>1,000 gm increase per breast), the average breast-volume reduction diminished her oversized bust by three (3) brassire cup-sizes.[5] The surgical reduction of abnormally enlarged breasts resolves the physical symptoms and the functional limitations that a bodily-disproportionate bust imposes upon a woman; thereby it improves her physical and mental health.[6][7][8][9] Afterwards, the woman’s ability to comfortably perform physical activities previously impeded by oversized breasts improves her emotional health (self-esteem) by reducing anxiety and lessening psychological depression.[10]

The medical history records the woman’s age, the number of children she has borne, her breast-feeding practices, plans for pregnancy and nursing of the infant, medication allergies, and tendency to bleeding. Additional to the personal medical information, are her history of tobacco smoking and concomitant diseases, breast-surgery and breast-disease histories, family history of breast cancer, and complaints of neck, back, shoulder pain, breast sensitivity, rashes, infection, and upper extremity numbness.

The physical examination records and establishes the accurate measures of the woman’s body mass index, vital signs, the mass of each breast, the degree of inframammary intertrigo present, the degree of breast ptosis, the degree of enlargement of each breast, lesions to the skin envelope, the degree of sensation in the nipple-areola complex (NAC), and discharges from the nipple. Also noted are the secondary effects of the enlarged breasts, such as shoulder-notching by the brassire strap from the breast weight, kyphosis (excessive, backwards curvature of the thoracic region of the spinal column), skin irritation, and skin rash affecting the breast crease (IMF).[11]

A woman develops large breasts usually during thelarche (the pubertal breast-development stage), but large breasts can also develop postpartum, after gaining weight, at menopause, and at any age. Whereas macromastia usually develops in consequence to the hypertrophy (overdevelopment) of adipose fat, rather than to milk-gland hypertrophy. Moreover, many women are genetically predisposed to developing large breasts, the size and weight of which often are increased either by pregnancy or by weight gain, or by both conditions; there also exist iatrogenic (physician-caused) conditions such as postmastectomy and postlumpectomy asymmetry. Nonetheless, it is statistically rare for a young woman to experience virginal mammary hypertrophy that results in massive, oversized breasts, and recurrent breast hypertrophy.

The abnormal enlargement of the breast tissues to a volume in excess of the normal bust-to-body proportions can be caused either by the overdevelopment of the milk glands or of the adipose tissue, or by a combination of both occurrences of hypertrophy. The resultant breast-volume increases can range from the mild (>300 gm) to the moderate (ca. 300800 gm) to the severe (

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Breast reduction – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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